According to a study, Piercing was performed in almost all ancient tribes, in order to be used measure pain resistance as well as different purposes. Piercing has been used in many civilizations as a registration of the transition from adolescence to manhood. In many tribes, along with Piercing, tattoos, bracelets, chains, iron, stone, reed rings were applied to the body. The nobles of the Mayan tribe were piercing their tongues and genital organs in order to shed blood at religious ceremonies. North American natives wanted to reach different levels of consciousness in religious ceremonies by hanging from their piercings. In Asia, the Shamans used temporary piercings on their cheeks and tongues as an indication of a trance at religious ceremonies. Sufis, Hindus in India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia were also piercing various parts of their bodies for the same purpose.
Throughout history, the aim of piercing by many different cultures is to identify with the aristocracy, to evoke productivity and courage. Egyptian Pharaohs ritually pierced their navel holes, Roman warriors pierced their breasts to show their masculinity. In Maya culture, tongue piercing was a spiritual ritual. The biggest difference between the piercing applied in history and the practice applied today is one’s own choice expressionism. In today’s societies, people can pierce for many reasons are not related to certain rules or purposes.
After a Second World War, piercings on the tongue, nipple and lips began to be performed frequently in Germany. Piercing was often accompanied by a tattoo. In the late 1970s, a rapid rise started in Europe in the production of tattoos and piercings. The punks created a counter-culture in this way. Piercing spread among homosexual and sadomasochists in the US and UK. The musicians were also popular with movie stars. In recent years, it has started to increase with increasing and diversification in Western countries, especially USA, England, France and Germany. While it wan only the choice of margins, it became increasingly popular among adolescents. It is currently widely applied in fashion in many countries of the world.